1-U=U at government/national level

No data available.


2-Sensitization/training of PLHIVs, Community advocates, service providers and/or CBOs 

No data available.


3-Incorporating U=U messages in relevant community outreach, education info and social media campaigns

No data available.


4- Country challenges and barriers 

Same-sex activities are criminalised in 10 countries in the region, and Sri Lanka is one of the countries where this is the case. In fact, Sri Lanka imposes prison terms of up to 14 years for homosexuality, which makes it very difficult for many men who have sex with men and people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or trans (LGBT) to access prevention and treatment

services. The country also criminalizes sex work drug use/ consumption is a specific offence in law. Death penalty for drug offences is also retained in legislation in Sri Lanka but executions are not carried out (symbolic application). There are no legal protection for key populations in the country. Nor are there any law specifying HIV testing to be solely performed based on voluntary and informed consent.










  1. prorg
  2. org
  3. org
  4. unaids.org
  5. WHO, Unitaid, and UNAIDS meeting on HIV self-testing and innovative testing approaches in Asia and the Pacific Region: Country progress and plans, December 2020 (https://unitaid.org/assets/PrEP-innovation-and-implementation-in-Asia-and-the-Pacific- Meeting-Report-2020.pdf)
  6. Guidelines on HIV Self-Testing and Partner Notification: Supplement to Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Testing Services, World Health Organization, 2016 (https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK401666/)
  7. PrEP innovation and implementation in Asia and the Pacific: Meeting Report, UNAIDS, Unitaid and WHO in association with the Institute of HIV Research and Innovation (IHRI), December 2020 (https://unitaid.org/assets/PrEP-innovation-and-implementation-in-Asia-and-the- Pacific-Meeting-Report-2020.pdf)
  8. Asia-Pacific Regional Expert Group Meeting on Reviewing Implementation of Commitments from the Asia-Pacific Intergovernmental Meeting on HIV AIDS Beyond 2015, ESCAP, 2018 (https://unescap.org/events/asia-pacific-regional-expert-group-meeting-reviewing- implementation-commitments-asia-pacific)
  9. HIV Self-Testing Strategic Framework A Guide For Planning, Introducing And Scaling Up, WHO, October 2018 (https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/275521/9789241514859-eng.pdf)
  10. HIV and AIDS in Asia & The Pacific: Regional Overview (https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/asia- pacific/overview#HIV_testing_and_counselling_(HTC)_in_Asi)
  11. UNAIDS Data 2020 (https://unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/2020_aids-data- book_en.pdf)
  12. WHO and partners urge countries to fast-track implementation and scale-up of HIV self- testing and other innovative HIV testing approaches in Asia and the Pacific, March 2021 (https://www.who.int/news/item/16-03-2021-who-and-partners-urge-countries-to-fast- track-implementation-and-scale-up-of-hiv-self-testing-and-other-innovative-hiv-testing- approaches-in-asia-and-the-pacific)